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Сообщение FrankJScott » 25 ноя 2021, 03:15

The General Purpose and Use of Bulk Ships that travel by sea

The operation of seagoing bulk carrier vessels was rife with dangers. You must plan your trip well and exercise caution in handling all important shipboard matters. This site will provide rapid guidance to the international shipping community as well as information on loading and discharge of various bulk cargo kinds. It is essential to stay within the restrictions set by the classification agency. It is essential to not stress the structural integrity of the ship and adhere to all safety rules for safe sailing at sea. We have detail pages which cover a variety of topics concerning bulk carriers. These are useful both for those onboard and those who are ashore in the terminal.

General characteristics of seagoing bulk carriers
Bulk carriers are vessels with a single deck that are equipped with top-side tanks and side tanks. They are designed for single-commodity bulk cargo. Any material that is not gas or liquid, but is a solid bulk cargo, that is any material made up of mixture or granules, or any other substance with a uniform composition. It can be loaded directly into the cargo space of a ship and does not require any storage. Grain, sugar or ores in bulk are some examples of dry cargo. In the broadest sense of the word bulk carrier, any ship built to carry bulk cargo (solid or liquid) in bulk could be classified as bulk carriers. Tankers also fall under the same umbrella. The term"bulk carrier" is typically used to refer to vessels specifically designed to carry bulk solid cargos. They include grains, similar agricultural products, and minerals such as coal, ore and stone on one or more voyage legs. Check out this bulk carrier ship specialist for more.


What Is A Bulk-Carrier What Are The Major Characteristics Of Bulk Carriers:

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

Carrying Capacity ranges between 3,000 and 300,000 tonnes
Average speed 12-15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Small - to medium-sized bulk carriers that carry capacities of up to 40,000 tons come with equipment for handling cargo. Larger vessels have docks for loading and unloading.
The cargo holds are typically spacious and free of obstructions. Large hatch sizes make it easy for loading/unloading.
Ballast holds are a standard feature on bulk carriers. It can be used to ballast voyages in order to improve stability. Two or three additional holds could be permitted for partial ballasting in port, but only for a limited time.
They are single pull and stacking, or hydraulic steel hatch covers.
-Four types or ballast tanks
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping tanks with bottom-side-wings that slope
Double bottom tanks
After-peak and peak ballast water tank.

Are you searching for bulk solid cargo? Anything other than gasoline or liquid made up of a mixture or granules of smaller pieces, uniform in composition and loaded into cargo space. Bulk carriers can carry a variety of cargoes, comprising "clean" food products and "dirty", minerals, as well as cargoes that could react with one another or other contaminants such as water. It is essential to ensure that cargo spaces are prepared for each item. A surveyor will often be called upon to examine the space and determine if the space is suitable to be loaded. It is essential that residues of a previous cargo are removed to ensure that contamination does not occur. Bulk cargo damage is mostly due to water. To prevent water ingress hatch covers should be watertight. All fittings within the hold (pipe guards and the bilge covers, etc.) must be checked. should be examined to ensure that they're in good condition and securely fitted. These pieces of equipment could cause significant damage to conveyor belts and, consequently, delays for which the ship could be held responsible if they happen to discharge inadvertently with the cargo. Peruse this kamsarmax info for more.


Bulk Carrier or Bulker? It is built for transporting dry cargo. The conventional bulk carrier is constructed with one deck and a single skin. Bulk carriers can be used to transport heavy ore and light grain at their maximum weight. It isn't as easy or simple as you think.

Gearless Bulk Carrier
Certain bulk cargoes can have hazardous properties or be subject to changes in transport. The ship could be damaged by incorrect loading e.g. A vessel that isn't loaded to its maximum forward could be bent if you load it excessively. This is known as stress. could lead to dangers to life at sea, especially in bad weather. Other cargoes could be affected by the residues from prior cargoes. Some bulk cargoes are vulnerable to damage from water. cement power. It is hard to determine the amount of cement used and the weight of cargoes loaded and unloaded. These issues have serious consequences on the operations of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes tend to form a cone if they are loaded on conveyor belts. The angle of repose is known as "angle of repose" and it varies depending on the specific cargo. Iron ore, for instance, will form a steep angled cone, whereas cargoes that flow freely will form a shallow angled cone. Cargoes that have low angles of repose are more likely to move through the course of transport. As cargo nears the point of completion, bulldozers may be required to spread the load in the hold. Most dry-bulk carriers depend on facilities on the shore for loading and discharging cargo, but some bulk carriers have self-unloading capabilities with conveyors underneath the cargo hold or with cranes mounted on deck.

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